Dr. Ostrem’s former adviser, Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., professor in the School of Kinesiology and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology, co-authored this article together with Nik Brinck, a recent undergraduate (2015), Katie Bisch, a master student, and Nick Evanoff, a doctoral student in the School of Kinesiology.
“Submaximal oxygen uptake kinetics, functional mobility, and physical activity in older adults with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction” appeared in the Journal of Geriatric Cardiology.
The article “Impaired cardiac autonomic nervous system function is associated with pediatric hypertension independent of adiposity” appeared inPediatric Research and examined whether sympathetic nervous system activity influences hypertension status and blood pressure in children and adolescents. These data suggest that impaired cardiac autonomic nervous system function is associated with higher odds of being prehypertensive/hypertensive and may be independent of adiposity in children and adolescents.
Anna Solfest, a undergraduate student in the School of Kinesiology, has received a U of M Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program (UROP) award. Anna’s UROP project will examine body composition, bone density, and visceral adipose tissue in male and female NCAA Division I basketball players. The project is under the direction of Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., professor in the School of Kinesiology and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology (LIPH).
The UROP Award offers financial awards to full-time undergraduates for quality research, scholarly, or creative projects that are judged to contribute to the student’s academic development and which are undertaken in collaboration with a faculty sponsor.
The first talk, “Frontiers in Body Composition Analysis From NFL Players to Infants and Beyond,” was presented to students and faculty in the Department of Kinesiology on November 8. The second talk, “The Paradox of Severe Obesity and Vascular Function,” was presented to the Surgical Research Group at the East Carolina University School of Medicine on November 10.
Formed in 1985, NASPEM’s membership is comprised of medical doctors, researchers, educators, and students interested in pediatric exercise. Their mission is to promote exercise science, physical activity and fitness in the health and medical care of children and adolescents.
Justin Geijer, Ph.D., (Ph.D., 2015) an assistant professor at Winona State University, is the lead author of an article recently published in Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology. The article, “Reproducibility of brachial vascular changes with alterations in end-tidal carbon dioxide,” examined the reproducibility of using carbon dioxide to alter diameter in the brachial artery. The results of this study suggest that carbon dioxide can alter the diameter of the brachial artery, but it is not reproducible enough to use this method to examine vascular health.
Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., professor of kinesiology and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology in the School of Kinesiology, is co-author of an article published in the May 2016 issue of Techniques Magazine, published by the U.S. Track & Field and Cross Country Coaches Association. The article entitled “Body Composition: Methods and importance for performance and health” examined body composition of track and field athletes in the various disciplines. Olivia Dengel, an undergraduate student at the College of Saint Benedict, was also a co-author on the paper.
In addition to evaluating the two sports programs, Drs. Lundstrom, Biltz and Dengel presented to the staff and members of both the Guatemalan Sports Confederation and the Guatemalan Olympic Committee. Dr. Lundstrom presented on “Exercise Testing and Assessment” and “Development of Training Programs Theory” on April 13th. On April 14th, Dr. Dengel gave two presentations: “Sports Nutrition: Fueling Athletes to the Olympics” and “Body Composition Assessment for Sport.” Dr. Biltz gave two presentations on April 15th. The first being “Physiological Variability Analysis – Potential Applications” and the second being “Pediatric Sports Injuries – A Functional Approach.”
The representatives from the School of Kinesiology also engaged in discussions regarding future collaborations with the Guatemalan Sports Confederation and the Guatemalan Olympic Committee, as well as study abroad opportunities for School of Kinesiology students.
Kinesiology alumnus Aaron Kelly, Ph.D. (2004), associate professor of pediatrics and medicine in the U of M Department of Pediatrics, and a colleague, Dr. Jennifer Abuzzahab, received a pilot grant in 2010 from the Clinical and Translational Science Institute to study severe obesity in children. That pilot grant paved the way for a multi-million NIH grant and resulted in the creation of a pediatric obesity research consortium among four major health organizations in Minnesota.
The CTSI-funded pilot project explored the potential of using a drug originally designed for adults with type 2 diabetes to help treat severe obesity in teenagers. Adolescent participants who took the drug achieved clinically significant weight loss and demonstrated improvements in risk factors for diabetes and heart disease.
Complete citation: Dengel DR, Marlatt KL, Raymond CJ: The effects and long-term outlook of cancer therapies on cardiovascular structure and function in childhood cancer survivors. In Watanabe HS (ed.), Horizons in Cancer Research. Volume 61. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp.149-176, 2016.
An article in the online publication News One cites Donald Dengel, Ph.D., professor in the School of Kinesiology and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology, for his co-authored study on the benefits of standing desks in the classroom. A teacher in San Rafael, CA, has replaced chairs with balance balls in her kindergarten class as a way of channeling the students’ “wiggle time” and improving concentration in learning the alphabet and how to count. Dr. Dengel was quoted in the article for his research findings that students burned more calories when they stood rather than sat at a desk.
Justin Geijer, Ph.D., (Ph.D., 2015) an assistant professor at Winona State University, is the lead author of an article published in the journal, Physiological Measurement. The article, “Comparison of brachial dilatory responses to hypercapnia and reactive hyperemia” reported that hypercapnia (a condition of abnormally elevated carbon dioxide levels in the blood) and reactive hyperemia (the temporary increase in organ blood flow) stimulate vasodilation of the brachial artery, but use different pathways. This research was conducted in the School’s Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology (LIHP).
Current MS student Neil Hultgren is a co-author on the article as well as graduate alumni Aaron Kelly and Nicholas Evanoff and undergraduate alumni Michael Chernin and Matthew Stoltman. Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., kinesiology professor and LIHP director, is also a co-author of this piece.
Tyler Bosch, Ph.D., a 2014 graduate of the School of Kinesiology, is the lead author of an article published in the journal Metabolism. The article, “In adult twins, visceral fat accumulation depends more on exceeding sex-specific adiposity thresholds than on genetics,” reported that while total body fat is influenced by genetics, visceral adipose tissue accumulation may depend more on whether a person’s percent body fat is above their sex-specific adiposity threshold. These results suggest that there may not be a genetic predisposition for visceral adipose tissue accumulation but rather it is a result of a predisposition for total fat accumulation. This article was selected as one of the most interesting and important original research studies published in Metabolism during 2015. Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., kinesiology professor and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology in the School of Kinesiology, is a co-author on this article and was Dr. Bosch’s adviser.
Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., Kinesiology professor and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology, is a co-author of an article recently published in the Journal of Pediatrics. The article entitled “Relations among adiposity and insulin resistance with flow-mediated dilation, carotid intima-media thickness, and arterial stiffness in children” examines the associations of adiposity and insulin resistance with measures of vascular structure and function in children. A Ph.D. advisee of Dengel, Aaron Kelly, associate professor in the U of M School of Medicine and 2004 School of Kinesiology graduate, was also a co-author on the article.
Joseph Ostrem, Kinesiology MS (2013), currently a doctoral candidate in the School of Kinesiology, is the lead author on an article published in the Journal of Clinical Ultrasound. The article, “Presence of a high flow-mediated constriction phenomenon prior to flow-mediated dilation in normal weight, overweight and obese children and adolescents, ” examines the presence of high flow-mediate constriction in children and found that overweight and obese children display this phenomenon more often than children of normal weight. This new biomarker may indicate early onset of cardiovascular disease in children.
Donald R. Dengel, Ph.D., professor of kinesiology and director of the Laboratory of Integrative Human Physiology, is a co-author on an article published in the Journal of Obesity. “Visceral adiposity in persons with chronic spinal cord injury determined by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry” determined visceral adiposity levels in individuals with spinal cord injury using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry for the first time. The authors found higher levels of visceral adiposity in individuals who suffered a spinal cord injury than healthy controls. These higher levels of visceral adiposity may lead to the early development of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors.